Monday, April 15, 2019
The administration of Theodore Roosevelt Essay Example for Free
The judicatory of Theodore Roosevelt EssayTheodore Roosevelt was the twenty-sixth President of the United States. Roosevelt, who was 42 when he became President after the assassi area of William McKinley, was the youngest man ever told to build that office. Teddy or T.R., as he was called, was one of the nations most dynamic and shot Presidents, remembered perhaps as much for his spirited personality as for the accomplishments of his administration (Pringle, 2006).Roosevelt had tremendous energy and big interests. He was a patrician and a reformer, a cowboy and a scholar, a big-game hunter and a conservationist, and a soldier and a Nobel Peace prize winner, As President, he promoted progressive reforms and a powerfully nationalistic and expansionist foreign policy. A popular writer and forceful speaker, Roosevelt coined many phrases that are skill quoted.He denounced the malefactors of great wealth and sought to curb these powerful businessmen by a motley of means. Antitru st legislation was enforced (trust busting, as it was called) the Food and Drugs Act was passed and conservation laws were enacted to keep the nations natural resources out of the hands of private exploiters (Beale, 2004). His domestic program was called the Square Deal, from a saving in which he said he wanted to see to it that every man has a feather deal.Speak softly, carry a big stick, and you will go far, was another of Roosevelts sayings. He oft applied it in his conduct of foreign, as well as domestic, affairs. When negotiations to acquire the Panama Canal were at a standstill, Roosevelt recognized a rebel government in Panama, made a treaty with it for a canal zone, and authorized digging the canal. When a crisis with Japan seemed close, Roosevelt spoke softly but sent the dandy White Fleet around the world to leaven the new naval might of the United States. downstairs Roosevelt, the United States became a major soldiers and commercial power and gained an influence in world affairs (Mowry, 2004).Roosevelts administration saw the beginnings of 20th-century social legislation. Since the Civil struggle, big business had become monopolistic, operating in total disregard of the public interest. Roosevelt wanted square deal, no more and no less for everyone and his administration began a campaign of trustbusting, aimed at curbing the abuses perpetrated by big business. In 1902, Northern Securities Company, a force trust, was sued by the government under the Sherman Antitrust Act. Eventually, the U.S. Supreme Court held the trust to be illegal and staged it dissolved. The Elkins Act, passed in 1903, banned secret rebates to favored shippers, a monopolistic practice that had been much criticized.In 1902, when owners of hard coal coal mines refused to accept arbitration to settle a long strike, Roosevelt menace to use the army to hunt down the mines. The owners back down (Harbaugh, 2005). In 1903, the president pushed through Congress a bill to cre ate a new executive departmentthe Department of Commerce and Laborwhose purpose was to promote industrial reaping and improved working conditions.In addition, encouraged by endorsement at the polls, Roosevelt became more clearly a champion of progressivism. His progressivism, however, was aimed more at the correction of immediate abuses that at any radical change in American ways of life. He urged enactment of workers compensation laws, a graduated federated income tax, and federal revenue enhancement of inheritances to curb what he viewed as the menace of swollen fortunes (Blum, 2006).He, as mediator, succeeded in bringing to an end the Russo-Japanese War with the Treaty of Portsmouth in 1905. For this accomplishment he was awarded the 1906 Nobel Peace Prize. He also helped to arrange the Algeciras Conference, called to settle differences mingled with Germany and France over Morocco. Roosevelt urged use of the Hague Peace Conference failed to deal with limitations on armaments, he sought Congressional thanksgiving for a naval building program he felt necessary for the security of the country (Pringle, 2006). To demonstrate the nations preparedness, Roosevelt sent the entire America battle fleet, called the Great White Fleet, on an around-the-world cruise.Furthermore, in 1913, Roosevelt visited South America and explored Brazils jungles in search of a tributary of the Amazon called the River of Doubt, which he found and explored for 900 miles of its course. During the trip, he contracted a tropical fever and begged his party, including Kermit, to leave him, as starvation threatened them. When they refused, he insisted on pushing on. The exertion probably undermined his health.When World War I started in Europe, Roosevelt urged military preparedness and an international tribunal backed by force to execute its decrees. When the Lusitania was sunk, he urged a barter embargo against Germany, assailing Wilson for weakness. In 1916, the Progressive party again nominated Roosevelt for President, but he withdrew when the Republicans nominated Charles Evans Hughes (Blum, 2006). university extension1. Beale, H.K. (2004). Theodore Roosevelt and the Rise of America to World Power (Johns Hopkins University).2. Blum, J.M. (2006). The Republican Roosevelt, 5th edition (Harvard University).3. Harbaugh, W.H. (2005). The Life and Times of Theodore Roosevelt, rewrite edition (Oxford University).4. Mowry, G.E. (2004). The Era of Theodore Roosevelt, 1900-1912 (Harper Row).5. Pringle, H.F. (2006). Theodore Roosevelt a Biography, revised edition (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich).