Monday, September 30, 2019
Position Argument In Marriage Essay
Marriage is a ceremony or an act completed through contract by which man and woman become husband and wife. It is a loving, caring relationship that provides intimacy and security to all couples. It is entered into because of ensuing political, economic and other advantages and not just of mutual affection. It is viewed legally as civil unions, a legal status and a social institution that simplifies and organizes crucial matters for the partners. Many research studies show that a good marriage is both menÃ¢â¬â¢s and womenÃ¢â¬â¢s bet for living a long and healthy life especially in the area of adult health and well-being.Ã A leading social scientist name James Q. Wilson explains that persons of the same age who are married have happier life than those who are unmarried. Married people on general are better off and significantly enjoy higher levels of physical and mental health and enjoy greater emotional support and tend to be healthier than those who are either single, divorced or living together. (Wilson 2002) MARRIAGE AND GENDER ISSUES Dr. Robert Coombs of UCLA made a review on recent empirical studies published on how marriage affects adultsÃ¢â¬â¢ well-being. In his review it shows that there is an intimate link between marital status and personal well-being. On aspect of alcoholism, Coombs review found that there are only fifteen percent of the chronic problems drinkers are married as compared to the fifty five percent who are either divorced or separated. On the other hand, single men are more than three times as likely to die of cirrhosis of the liver. (Coombs 1991) Married people also tend to have long and healthy life. As reported by Erasmus University in Rotterdam married people have lowest morbidity rates, while divorced people show highest morbidity rates. Dr. CoombsÃ¢â¬â¢ research review agrees with these findings, as he comments Ã¢â¬Å"virtually every study of mortality and marital status shows that the unmarried of both sexes have higher death rates, whether by accident, disease, or self-inflicted woundsÃ¢â¬ . (Coombs 1991) Dr. Benjamin Malzberg conducted a research and he concludes that married population in general has much low rates of mental disease than any of the other marital groups. Another research conducted jointly at Yale University and UCLA that supports Dr. Malzbeg findings. Consistent with other researches conducted, result of the joint research also concludes that married persons enjoy better health than the unmarried and founds that the highest rates of mental disorder are among the divorced and separated. The lowest rates are among the married and average rates among the single and widowed. (Malzberg 1996) One the best results of the research conducted of impact of marriage is that it offers general happiness. Married person has significantly higher level of happiness than persons who are not married. What about the homosexuals do they have rights to enter into marriage? Maybe yes or maybe no. Same-sex marriage is a term for a governmentally, socially, or religiously recognized marriage in which two people of the same sex live together as a family. However, the legitimacy of marriage depends on the authoritative definition of marriage. ARGUMENTS SUPPORTING GAY AND LESBIAN MARRIAGE Prof. Sally Haslanger in his arguments in support to gay and lesbian marriage has point out two (2) issues to consider. The issues on equality and issues on promoting good values that leads to good life. These issues are supported by arguments of marriage as normative ideal, the potential of gay marriage for undermining traditional gender norms, and the unjust displacement of gays and lesbians. On first argument: Marriage as normative ideal. The state has an obligation to promote Ã¢â¬Å"valued ways of livingÃ¢â¬ ; that is why marriage is viewed by the state legally as civil unions, a legal status and a social institution that simplifies and organizes crucial matters for the partners. It is ideal for how sexuality, companionship, affection, personal economics and child rearing are being organized and put to order. Marriage also promotes Ã¢â¬Å"personal and social flourishingÃ¢â¬ in ways that are indifferent to other sexualities of the couple. Therefore, the state has an obligation to promote homosexual and heterosexual marriage. (Haslanger 2006) However, the groups of conservative and anti same-sex marriage are opposing this idea. A Conservatives objection to Haslanger first argument relates that gay and lesbian sex is not good for the individuals involved on it and it is not good for the society. Second argument: The potential of gay marriage for undermining traditional gender norms. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Traditionally and on social norms societies are being dominated by males. It is supported by the strict separation of gender roles and the gendered division of labor. By legalizing same-sex marriage traditional gender norms and male domination are being challenge. Homosexuals have already been accepted during the 19th century that they are essentially different from heterosexuals. The concept as a kind of naturally fixed third sex. On the other hand, same-sex marriage is an effective way to fight against injustice like violence against women. (Haslanger 2006) Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã The conservatives agrees that our society currently live under male domination but they believe that is was just exaggerated. Conservatives points out that distinct gender roles do not necessarily support that male are more dominant. ItÃ¢â¬â¢s just that in society genders are separate but does not necessarily mean that they are not equal.Ã (Haslanger 2006) Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Another objection to the second argument states that gays and lesbians are stereotypes. That they are dangerously uncontrolled, predatory, insatiable, narcissistic and self-indulgent. Therefore, gays and lesbians are considered unfit for assuming gendered familial roles, producing children and cannot sustain long-term stable relationships. (Haslanger 2006) Third argument: Reversing the unjust displacement of gays and lesbians. Arguments on these issues were structured as a response to DOMA (Defense of Marriage Act). This act was understood that marriage should only be between one man and one woman and become as a family that is considered as foundation of the society.Ã This one man and one woman marriage are considered Ã¢â¬Å"fitÃ¢â¬ for establishing the foundation of society and are therefore Ã¢â¬Å"essential citizensÃ¢â¬ . Further, those who enters into marriage that differ from DOMA policies are therefore Ã¢â¬Å"unfitÃ¢â¬ and inessential citizens. With regards to gays and lesbians in relation to DOMA, gays and lesbian therefore lack the special status ofÃ Ã¢â¬Å"essential citizensÃ¢â¬ and same-sex relationships are not merely a Ã¢â¬Å"lifestyle choiceÃ¢â¬ . Approving same-sex relationship weakens the society. Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Advocates of same-sex marriage disagree to the arguments stated above they feel that they are being displace and discriminated. Gays and lesbians believe that the state should continue to treat marriage as a pre-political institution but include them as one of the societyÃ¢â¬â¢s foundation. Moreover, the state to consider marriage as a Ã¢â¬Å"lifestyleÃ¢â¬ choice and grant them rights similar to heterosexual marriage. SUMMARY Legal and moral case for gay and lesbian equality should be given due account by the state for them to feel that they are given equal treatment by the state and the society as a whole. Ã Ã Works Cited Coombs, Robert Ã¢â¬Å"Marital Status and Personal Well-Being: A Literature Review,Ã¢â¬ Family Relations 40 (1991) 97-102. Haslanger, Sally. Ã¢â¬Å"Moral Problems and the Good LifeÃ¢â¬ . (2006) Malzberg, Benjamin. Ã¢â¬Å"Marital Status in Relation to the Prevalence of Mental Disease,Ã¢â¬ Psychiatric Quarterly 10 (1996): 245-261. Stanton, Glenn T. Ã¢â¬Å"Why Marriage MattersÃ¢â¬ . Retrieved 9 October 2007 from Wilson, James Q. Ã¢â¬Å"The Marriage Problem: How Our Culture Has Weakened FamiliesÃ¢â¬ New York: Harper Collins, (2002), p. 16.